Structure and write expressions 14

Problem 98 Degrees of Comparison–Irregular Adjectives

Comparative– Superlative–
Adjective to compare two to compare three or more
bad worse the worst
far farther the farthest
further the furthest
good better the best
little less the least
many more the most
much more the most
irregular
comparative than
This ice cream is better than the other brands
irregular
superlative
This ice cream is the best of all

Incorrect: These photographs are very good, but that one is the better of all.
Correct : these photographs are very good, but that one is the best of all.

Incorrect: Please give me much sugar than you did last time.
Correct : Please give me more sugar than you did last time.

Incorrect: This composition is more good than your last one.
Correct : This composition is the most good than your last one.

Problem 99 Degrees of Comparison–Comparative Adverbs

more adverb (two + syllables)
(less) adverb (two + syllables)
adverb –er (one syllable) than
We finished the test more rapidly than Mark
We finished the test less rapidly than Mark
We finished the test faster than Mark
the most adverb (two + syllables)
the least adverb (two + syllables)
adverb –est (one syllable)
We finished the test the most rapidly of all
We finished the test the least rapidly of all
We finished the test the fastest

Incorrect: The students in Dr. Neal’s class complained the most bitter about the grading system.
Correct : The students in Dr. Neal’s class complained bitter than about the grading system.

Incorrect: I wish we could see each other more frequenter.
Correct : I wish we could see each other more frequently.

Incorrect: He drives more fast than she does.
Correct : He drives faster than she does.

Problem 100 Double Comparative

CAUSE RESULT
The comparative S V the comparative S V
The more you review, the easier the patterns will be

Incorrect: The less one earns, the lesser one must pay in income taxes.
Correct :the less one earns, the less one must pay in income taxes.

Incorrect: The louder he shouted, less he convinced anyone.
Correct : the louder he shouted, the less he convinced anyone.

Incorrect: The more you practice speaking, the well you will do it.
Correct :the more you practice speaking, the weller you will do it.

Problem 101 Illogic Comparatives General Similarity and Difference

noun (singular) different from that
Football in the U.S.is different from that in other countries
noun (plural) different from those
The rules are different from those of soccer

Incorrect: The English that is spoken in Canada is similar to the United States.
Correct : The English that is spoken in Canada is different from that the United States.

Incorrect: Drugstores here are not like at home.
Correct : Drugstores here are not different from that at home.

Incorrect: The time in New York City differs here hours from Los Angeles.
Correct : The time in New York City differs here hours different from those of Los Angeles.

Problem 102 Illogical Comparatives–Degrees

more + adjective
noun (singular) adjective –er than that
The climate in the North is more severe than that of the South
The climate in the North is colder than that of the South
more + adjective
noun (plural) adjective –er than those
The prices are more expensive than those of the South
The prices are higher than those of the South

Incorrect: The audience is much larger than last year’s concert.
Correct : The audience is much larger than that of last year’s concert.

Incorrect: The rooms in the front are much noisier than the back.
Correct : The rooms in the front are much noisier than those in the back.

Incorrect: The interest on savings account at City Bank are higher than Bank Plus.
Correct : The interest on savings account at City Bank are higher than those of Bank Plus.

Structure and write expressions 13

Problem 93 Comparative Estimates–Multiple Numbers

much
multiple as many as
Fresh fruit costs twice as much as canned fruit
We have half as many as we need

Incorrect:Bob found a job that paid as much twice as he made working at the library.
Correct :Bob found a job that paid twice as much as he made working at the library

Incorrect:The price was very reasonable; I would gladly have paid three times more than
he asked.
Correct :The price was very reasonable; I would gladly have paid three times as much as he asked.

Incorrect:We didn’t buy the car because they wanted as much twice as it was worth.
Correct : We didn’t buy the car because they wanted twice as much as it was worth.

Problem 94 Comparative Estimates –More Than andLess Than more than number

Steve has more than a thousand coins in his collection
less than number
Andy has less than a dozen coin in his pocket

Incorrect: The main library has more as one million volumes.
Correct : The main library has more than one milion volumes.

Incorrect: A new shopping center on the north side will have five hundred shops
more than.
Correct : A new shopping center on the north side will have more than five hundred shops.

Incorrect: There are most than fifty students in the lab, but only two computers.
Correct : There are more than fifty students in the lab,but only two computers

Problem 95 Comparative Estimates–As Many As

as many as number
We should have as many as five hundred applications

Incorrect:The children can see as much as twenty-five baby animals in the nursery at the zoo.
Correct :The children can see as many as twenty-five baby animals in the nursery at the zoo.

Incorrect:Many as ten planes have sat in line waiting to take off.
Correct :as many as ten planes have sat in line waiting to take off.

Incorrect:State University offers as much as two hundred major fields of study.
Correct :State University offers as many as two hundred major fields of study.

Problem 96 Degrees of Comparison–Comparative Adjectives

more (less) adjective (two + syllables)
adjective –er (one syllable)
adjective –er
(two + syllables
ending in –y) than
An essay test is more difficult than an objective test
An essay test is harder than an objective test
An essay test is easier than an objective

Incorrect: Ellen has been more happy lately than she was when she first came.
Correct : Ellen has been more lately than she was when she first came.

Incorrect: The book for my engineering course are expensive the books for my othercourses.
Correct : The book for my engineering course are more expensive than the books for my other courses.

Incorrect: The climate here is more milder than that of New England.
Correct :The climate here is milder than that of New England.

Problem 97 Degrees of Comparison–Superlative Adjectives

most (least) adjective (two + syllables)
adjective –est (one syllable)
eadjective –est (two + syllables
ending in –er)
An essay test is the most difficult
An essay test is the hardest
An essay test is the trickiest

Incorrect:Of all the candidates, Alex is probably the less qualified.
Correct :Of all the candidates, Alex is probably the qualifiest.

Incorrect:Although there are a number of interesting findings, a most significantresults are in the abstract.
Correct :Although there are a number of interesting findings, the most significant results are in the abstract.

Incorrect:In my opinion, the more beautiful place in Oregon is Mount Hood.
Correct : In my opinion, the most beautiful place in Oregon is Mount Hood

structure and write expressions 12

Problem 85 Adjective with Verbs of the Senses

feel; look; smell; sound; taste
S V (senses) adjective
I felt bad about the mistake

Incorrect :We love to go to the country in the spring because the wild flowers
smell so sweetly.
Correct :We love to go to the country in the spring because the wild flowers
smell so sweet.

Incorrect: Too meal tasted well.
Correct : Too meal tasted good.

Incorrect: The music sounds sweetly and soothing.
Correct : The music sounds sweet and soothing.

Incorrect: When he complained that the food tasted badly, the waiter took it back to the kitchen and brought him something else.
Correct : When he complained that the food tasted bad, the waiter took it back to the kitchen and brought him something else.

Problem 86 Exact Similarity–the Same as and the Same

noun the same as noun
This coat is the same as that one

noun noun the same
This coat and that one are the same

noun (plural) the same
These coats are the same

Incorrect :The motorcycle is almost the same like mine.
Correct :The motorcycle is almost the same as mine.

Incorrect: Is your book the same to mine?
Correct :Is your book the same as mine ?
or
Are your book and mine the same?

Incorrect: Are this picture and the one on your desk same?
Correct :Are this picture and the one on your desk the same ?
or
Is this picture the same as on your desk?

Incorrect: The teacher gave Martha a failing grade on her composition because it was the same a composition he had already read.
Correct : The teacher gave Martha a failing grade on her composition because it was the same as composition he had already read.
or
Correct : The teacher gave Martha a failing grade on her composition because it and a composition he had already read were the same.

Problem 87 General Similarity–Similar to and Similar

noun similar to noun
This coat is similar to that one
noun noun similar
This coat and that one are similar
noun (plural) similar
These coats are similar

Incorrect: Cliff’s glasses are similar like yours, but his cost a lot less.
Correct : Cliff’s glasses are similar to yours, but his cost a lot less.
or
Cliff’s glasses and yours are similar, but his cost a lot less.

Incorrect: That joke is similar as a joke that I heard.
Correct : That joke is similar to a joke that I heard.
Or
That joke and a joke that I heard are similar

Incorrect: All of the other departments are similar this one.
Correct : All of the other departments are similar to this one .
or
All of the other departments and this one are similar.

Problem 88 General Similarity–Like and Alike

noun like noun
This coat is like that one
noun noun alike
This coat and that one are alike
noun (plural) alike
These coats are alike.

Incorrect :The weather feels as spring.
Correct :The weather feels like spring.

Incorrect: I want to buy some shoes same like the ones I have on.
Correct : I want to buy some shoes like the ones I have on.
or
The shoes I want to buy and the shoes I have on are alike.

Incorrect: Anthony and his brother don’t look like.
Correct : Anthony doesn’t look like his brother.
or
Anthony and his brother don’t look alike.

Problem 89 Specific Similarity–Quality Nouns

noun V the same noun (quality) as noun
She is the same age as John

Incorrect: The gold chain that Edith saw is same weight as yours.
Correct : The gold chain that Edith saw is the same weight as yours.

Incorrect: Please cut my hair the same length like the style in this magazine.
Correct : Lease cut my hair the same length as the style in this magazine.

Incorrect: Is this thread the same color the cloth?
Correct : Is this thread the same color as the cloth?

Problem 90 Specific Similarity–Quality Adjectives

noun V as adjective (quality) as noun
She is as old as John

Incorrect: He is not as tall like his brother.
Correct : He is not as tall as his brother.

Incorrect: The meat at the supermarket is not as expensive than the meat at a butcher shop.
Correct : The meat at the supermarket is not as expensive as the meat at a butcher shop.

Incorrect: College Station is not as big Austin.
Correct : College Station is not as big as Austin.

Problem 91 General Difference –Different from and Different

noun different from noun
This coat is different from that one
noun noun different
This coat and that one are different
noun (plural) different
These coats are different

Incorrect: Long distance telephone rates for daytime hours are different than rates for nighttime hours.
Correct :Long distance telephone rates for daytime hours are different from rates for nighttime hours.
or
Long distance telephone rates for daytime hours and rates for nighttime hours are different.

Incorrect: A nursery school is different a day care center.
Correct : A nursery school is different from a day care center.
or
A nursery school and a day care center are different.

Incorrect: The tour packages that we offer are different than most tours.
Correct : The tour packages that we offer are different from most tours.
or
The tour packages that we offer and most tours are different.

Problem 92 General Difference –to Differ from

DIFFER from
This one differs from the rest

Incorrect: The campus at State University different from that of City College.
Correct :The campus at State University differs from that of City College.
Or
The campus at State University different from that of City College.
Incorrect: Jayne’s apartment is very differs from Bill’s even though they are in the same building.

Correct :Jayne’s apartment is very different from Bill’s even though they are in the same building.
or
Jayne’s apartment differs from Bill’s even though they are in the
same building.

Incorrect: Customs differ one region of the country to another.
Correct :Customs differs from one region of the country to another.
or
Customs are different from one region of the country to another.

Listening exercises 4

1. B. Let the man finish the work.
2. D. She’ll look for Pete’s keys in the car.
3. C. He is surprised that the woman is enjoying herself.
4. C. He is surprised that the woman is enjoying herself.
5. B. He’ll get the cleaning on the way home.
6. A. The man is quite right about the exam.
7. B. He will have a heavy load at the university.
8. A. He’ll start moving out this week.
9. D. She doesn’t have time to travel.
10. A. Drink some more coffee
11. B. Pam’s friends are helping her with her died.
12. B. They have arrived early
13. A. The woman doesn’t have any more papers to do.
14. D. He hasn’t had time to put the back pack on.
15. B. They can’t find their landlord.
16. C. He had’t tried to get a scholarship.
17. B. Their house needs cleaning.
18. B. She’s looking forward to going skiing.
19. C. She’ll come back in an hour to print her printer.
20. C. He’s working hard so he can take the summer off to write
21. A. He uses phone a lot
22. A. She isn’t feeling well.
23. C. She should be more careful at night
24. A. She is tired of violent films
25. B. He doesn’t have any time to go get his thesis.
26. B. She feels the same about chemistry as she does about Spanish.
27. A. She has more cars than The man does.
28. C. She’s afraid that she might be lost
29. C. He wants to listen to the weather report before he decided
30. A. Janet’s heavy workload is causing her serious health problems

Part B (CT2LB
31. D. Finishing his history project
32. D. To invite her out to the movies.
33. D. She teaches folktales to children.
34. A. He didn’t have enough money.

Part B (CT2LB

35. A. He thinks it’s high considering the type of work he is doing
36. C. She was supposed to work at the Lincoln Inn, but they told her they
didn’t need her anymore
37. B. He doesn’t think the Lincoln Inn needs any more help right now.

Part C (CT2LC)

38. B. They were sold unassembled with instructions for putting them
together.
39. A. Small engine mechanics
40. C. Too much to do if workers were given responsibility for quality control
41. C. Most people can’t afford to buy a car unless they work on an assembly
line
42. B. It put a lot of peopel out of jobs
43. B. ambulance drivers as the “lost generation.
44. C. His love of the sport of bullfighting
45. C. They all had active memories of their service in the war
46. C. He had recorded all his life about the need to face difficulty with
courage.
47. A. Insecticides reduce the amount of pollen and nectar produced by
flowers.
48. C. By providing large amounts of protein and carbohydrates, which are
bad for pests.
49. C. Some look only in plants which produce pollen; others look only in
nectar-producing plants.
50. B. Specialists eat bugs; generalists eat plants.

Listening 3 Exercises: Practice TOEFL Test One

1. A. She doesn’t understand the intructions
2. C. It is taking him a long time to write his paper
3. D. Smooking probably isn’t permitted here
4. C. She won’t have time for a vacation
5. D. He’d like some more in a little while
6. C. She isn’t sure he’ll come to work today
7. D. She didn’t like the last long
8. A. It is not a bad idea to telephone the college
9. B. Housekeeper
10. B. Read the instructions for setting up his computer
11. C. She is talking on the phone
12. D. He needed to take the invitation to the women
13. A. Susan only has three classes
14. D. The garden doesn’t need any more water
15. D. Their project will be the best
16. C. She won’t be able to join them for dinner
17. D. He will finally have time to visit her in the hospital tomorrow
18. A. She wasn’t as qualified as the other applicants
19. C. Make her mother’s package look more like a gift
20. B. He doesn’t have any time to talk
21. B. Ask Susan if she will take him to the airport
22. C. She will reschedule the meeting for the end of this week
23. B. He doesn’t mind meeting at the library.
24. A. He will be checking out several references
25. B. Buy her a soda
26. B. The woman should avoid eating in restaurants
27. C. Greg doesn’t do any socializing
28. B. She doesn’t agree with what the professor said.
29. C. He wanted to go skying
30. D. Make sure all of Ben’s friends have been invited.
31. A. The man told her
32. C. She agreed that the Heart Association is a worthy organization
33. A. She will sell raffle tickets
35. C. He will have time off after the winter season
36. B. She had to fill out a survey after her class
37. C. A pessimist usually doesn’t take advantage of life experiences
38. A. Optimists use their consciences to their advantage
39. D. In a museum
40. C. He was the first man to cross the Potomac River
41. A. The Potomac River
42. B. Buy a commemorative stamp
43. A. They use landmarks to navigate
44. D. They use the stars and some innate magnetic sense
45. C. The bird was able to find its way home under seemingly impossible circumstances
46. B. Biology
47. D. All we need to do is wait, ocean birds will show us how they navigate
48. A. Parents tend to want and love their first-born children more than the others.
49. A. Children’s personalities are fixed by birth order and nothing can be done about it.
50. B. The middle child gets better quality attention and more love from the parents
A. First-born children are under a lot of pressure to complete successfully since they are so outnumbered